Explore Ephesus, Turkey with us! All information you need about Ephesus Ancient City, House of Virgin Mary in Turkey, Basilica of Saint John, Artemis Temple and all attractions around Kusadasi, Selcuk and Izmir cities can be found in our pages. All articles on Ephesus Ancient City and around attractions were written by the best local tour guides and professional travel agents serving travelers for more than twenty years in Kusadasi, Turkey. Book tours to Ephesus and attractions around without any hassle, simply by clicking our partner Ephesus Tours websites shown below! Book Ephesus Tours with us, Travel to Ephesus with us and Enjoy Ephesus with us.
It therefore remained for the Full Professor of Classical Archaeology at the University of Vienna, Otto Benndorf, to propose an excavation project for Ephesos to the Cultural Ministry in 1893; Benndorf estimated that it would take about five years to uncover the city. With permission granted and the generous donation of a private sponsor, one of the largest archaeological enterprises on what is today Turkish territory was initiated. Initially the excavations were connected to the activities of Wood in the Artemision, but subsequently they concentrated on the castle hill of today’s Selçuk, Ayasoluk. Successively, archaeological field research was extended to various regions of the ancient city and thus, for example, structures in the vicinity of the harbour, parts of the Tetragonos Agora, the Library of Celsus, and also the St. Mary’s Church were uncovered. In Selçuk itself, an excavation house was erected which still serves today as a base for the archaeological activities in and around Ephesos. The approach of the first excavators was a very modern one: it was necessary to clarify the topography of the city and its development over the centuries, whereby not only the Greco-Roman monuments were considered. In the earliest publications, descriptions of Old Selçuk and the monuments of the Selçuk period are found, as well as a listing of the Ottoman tombs.
The First World War and its consequences interrupted field research for more than a decade. Following the resumption of excavation activities in 1926, attention was intensified on two issues, on the one hand the Bath-Gymnasium complexes, and on the other the Christian monuments such as the St. Mary’s Church, the Basilica of St. John, and the Cemetery of the Seven Sleepers. Once again the political destabilization of Europe, the Second World War, provoked by the National Socialist regime, and its consequences interrupted archaeological activity for a long time. It was to take 19 years until excavations at Ephesos could be resumed. The excavation campaigns, which took place annually after 1956, were carried out with a great effort of men and machines. In this context over the next decades entire city regions were brought to light, and the rubble which was uncovered was transported away by a light railway. »To free the city from rubble and to display its splendid, Imperial appearance« were the goals of the former director of excavations Franz Miltner. The excavation of Ephesos, in particular under excavation director Hermann Vetters, increasingly developed into a large-scale enterprise, while the intensive excavation activities also raised immediate questions concerning the conservation of monuments brought to light in this manner. Shortly after the discovery of Terrace House 2 it was already clear that the painting and mosaic decoration should be left in situ and not transferred to a museum. Nevertheless, it took more than 30 years before an adequate protective structure was erected and the ruins were made accessible to the public; these events occurred under the leadership of Friedrich Krinzinger. Even before the erection of the protective structure over Terrace House 2, an attempt was made via various anastylosis projects to present the preserved monuments in an adequate fashion. In this context should be mentioned the Nymphaeum Traiani, the Memmius Monument, and naturally the reconstructed façade of the Library of Celsus. With the increasing number of tourists to Turkey, the frequency of visitors to Ephesos also sharply escalated. The area of the ruins developed into one of the most highly frequented achaeological sites, due not only to the excellent state of preservation but also to the visitor-friendly presentation of the monuments. Mass tourism is also, however, a great challenge for archaeology: today, an average of 1.5 million tourists visit the ruins every year; 90,000 of them find their way to Terrace House 2. The high number of visitors uses the ruins, makes Ephesos well-known and leads to a great acceptance of the scientific undertaking in the public domain. The visitors, however, place a great strain on the ruins as well, and it is a balancing act to unite goal-oriented research, public relations, and touristic marketing without neglecting one of the sometimes competing components.
Treasures of EphesusCreated specially for travelers who wants to skip the crowds and see the most important landmarks of Ephesus without having a hard time.
Operated by Ephesus Tours by Locals Learn More
Best of Ephesus Tour
This tour is what your need, if you wish to see the best with the best local guides. See the most popular sites in Ephesus in our Best of Ephesus Tour!
Biblical Ephesus TourSpecially desingned itinerary following the footsteps of Saint Paul and many other saints in Ephesus. Your private little pilgrimage which will be leaded by the best locals!
Operated by Biblical Ephesus Tours
Excursiones de ÉfesoLos tours de Efeso en Tuquia en Español. Tours de efeso con guia local, tour privado a ruinas de efeso y las atracciones de cercanias. tours mejores de efeso Turquia!
Operated by Éfeso Excursion
Archaeological Ephesus Tour
Operated by Ephesus Tours by Locals
Harmony of Cultures
Turkey is a modern country where three religions live in harmony. In this tour we want to take you for a memorable day around different faiths of Turkey. Not just modern ones also the ancient ones.
Operated by Best Ephesus Tour
Custom Made Ephesus Tour
Operated by Best Ephesus Tour
Shopping and Ephesus
There are several shopping options for travellers visiting Ephesus, Turkey. Ephesus is known to be much more reasonable than many other places around Turkey.
Operated by Best Ephesus Tour